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At Hallbrook, we understand that Science is about developing children’s ideas and ways of working in order to enable them to make sense of the world in which they live through enquiry and investigation.

A good understanding of scientific enquiry skills, knowledge and conceptual understanding helps support pupils learning across the curriculum.  By teaching the children through engaging activities and investigations which excite their natural curiosity, we aim to develop a long lasting interest in Science. We make good use of the school grounds to enable the children to learn first-hand about the natural world, developing awareness of the need to care for the environment.


Key Stage 1

Throughout Key Stage 1 science lessons, your child will be learning about the importance of asking questions, gathering evidence, carrying out experiments and looking at different ways of presenting their results.  Lessons are practical and will focus on the world around them.

In Key Stage 1 your child will learn to use the following methods, processes and skills:

  • asking simple questions (for example, 'What would happen if I didn't give a plant water?');
  • observing closely, using simple equipment such as a magnifying glass;
  • identifying and classifying;
  • using their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions;
  • gathering and recording data to help in answering questions.


Year 1 Science

Children in Year 1 will learn about:

  • Plants, identifying and naming plants and looking at their basic structure;
  • Animals including humans, identifying and naming a range of animals and understanding how and why they are grouped (e.g. mammals, birds, amphibians etc);
  • Everyday materials, looking at their properties;
  • Seasonal changes, observing changes across the four seasons and looking at different types of weather.


Year 2 Science 

Children will be looking at:

  • Living things and their habitats, including dependence within habitats and micro-habitats;
  • Plants, observing how seeds and bulbs grow into plants and what plants need to stay healthy;
  • Animals including humans, focusing on reproduction, nutrition and exercise;
  • Everyday materials, comparing their uses and looking at how they can be changed by exerting force.


Key Stage 2

In Years 3 and 4, children will be encouraged to ask questions about scientific concepts and then carry out experiments to find out the answers. In doing this they will:

  • learn what a 'fair test' is;
  • take measurements from a range of equipment;
  • gather and record data;
  • report their findings orally and in writing.

In Years 5 and 6, children will continue to practise the above skills, but with more depth and precision.  When carrying out experiments they will:

  • understand what variables are and how to control them;
  • take measurements from a range of equipment, understanding the need for repeated measures to increase accuracy;
  • gather and record data using labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs;
  • use test results to make further predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests;
  • make conclusions on the test carried out, orally and in writing.


Year 3 Science
  • Plants, including parts of plants, needs of plants and their life cycle.
  • Animals, including humans, focusing on nutrition, skeletons and muscles.
  • Rocks, including comparing rocks, looking at fossils and understanding how soil is made.
  • Light, looking at how light is reflected, how shadows are formed and can change.
  • Forces and magnets, focusing on attraction and repulsion of magnets, magnetic materials and the two poles of a magnet.


Year 4 Science
  • Living things and their habitats, including classifying living things and looking at changes to environments.
  • Animals, including humans, focusing on eating: teeth, the digestive system and food chains.
  • States of matter, including grouping materials, changing state, evaporation and condensation.
  • Sound, looking at creation of sound through vibration and changes in pitch and volume.
  • Electricity, including constructing a circuit and understanding conductors and insulators.


Year 5 Science
  • Living things and their habitats, including life cycles of a mammal, amphibian, insect and bird.
  • Animals, including humans, focusing on changes from birth to old age.
  • Properties and changes of materials, including dissolving, separating and reversible changes.
  • Earth and space, looking at the movement of the sun, earth and moon.
  • Forces, including gravity, air resistance, water resistance and friction.


Year 6 Science
  • Living things and their habitats, including classifying micro-organisms, plants and animals.
  • Animals, including humans, focusing mainly on diet and exercise.
  • Evolution and inheritance, looking at fossils, reproduction and adaptation.
  • Light, looking closely at how it travels and how shadows are made.
  • Electricity, analysing the function of lamps, buzzers, cells and switches.


Love to Investigate

To complement our science curriculum the pupils will undertake a series of practical, exciting scientific investigations that encourage children to be curious, ask questions and explore the world around them.  Every investigation develops key knowledge and is linked to assessment, covering specific programmes of study for 'working scientifically'.  Every investigation is also linked to one of the school’s Imaginative Learning Projects.